Réf. Cat-Berro & Mercalli 2007 - P

Référence bibliographique complète
SHF 2007, Section de Glaciologie et Nivologie (15 et 16 mars 2007, Grenoble). Recent climatic and glacial evolution in Western Italian Alps, and Ciardoney glacier mass balance (Gran Paradiso range). CAT-BERRO D., MERCALLI L., 3 p.

Mots-clés
Western Italian Alps, Ciardoney glacier, mass balance, negative trend, winter 2005-2006

Organismes / Contact
Società Meteorologica ltaliana - http://www.nimbus.it/

(1) - Paramètre(s) atmosphérique(s) modifié(s)
(2) - Elément(s) du milieu impacté(s)
(3) - Type(s) d'aléa impacté(s)
(3) - Sous-type(s) d'aléa
Temperature
Precipitation
Snow cover
Glaciers
   

Pays / Zone
Massif / Secteur
Site(s) d'étude
Exposition
Altitude
Période(s) d'observation
Western Italian Alps Gran Paradiso range Ciardoney glacier     1959-2006

(1) - Modifications des paramètres atmosphériques
Reconstitutions
 
Observations
In 2003-2006 period, mean temperature anomalies at Lago Valsoera weather station (2440 m, Gran Paradiso range) reached + 1.8°C over 1959-2002 mean values, and winter snow accumulation was 40 % below normal conditions.

Everywhere in Northern Italy last winter (December 2006 - February 2007) there has been the mildest ever recorded almost in last two centuries, as shown of winter temperature anomalies in Moncalieri (+ 2.6 °C compared with 1961-90 Dormais).
Modélisations
Hypothèses
 

Informations complémentaires (données utilisées, méthode, scénarios, etc.)
 

(2) - Effets du changement climatique sur le milieu naturel
Reconstitutions
 
Observations
Hydrological season 2005-06 has been again warm and less snowy than normal in Western Italian Alps, therefore extremely unfavourable for alpine glacier, as all previous seasons since 2002-03  were.

In 2003-2006 period winter snow accumulation was 40 % below normal conditions (1959-2002 mean values) at Lago Valsoera weather station (2440 m, Gran Paradiso range).

In consequence of poor winter accumulation of snow and intense summer ice melting, glacier suffered huge mass lasses everywhere throughout this side of alpine range, for the fourth consecutive year. In 2005-06 season, net mass balance was -2.10 m w.e. at Ciardoney glacier,  -1.85 m w.e. at Grand Etret glacier (both in Gran Paradiso range), and -2.20 m w.e. at  Basodino glacier (Canton Ticino, Switzerland).

The comparison between mass balance data of south-western Alps shows that Ciardoney glacier is the most affected by ice losses, in consequence of its geographical position: cumulated mass balance in 1991-92 / 2005-06 period reached -19.7 m w.e., whilst Basodino glacier reached -6.7 m w.e. in the same period (snow accumulation in Canton Ticino mountains is usually much larger than in Gran Paradiso range). Moreover, its lower altitude and sunnier exposure explains higher mass losses than the ones measured at Grand Etret and Timorion glaciers.
Modélisations
 
Hypothèses
If this negative trend continue in next decades - as foreseen by global and regional climate models - small glacier under 3200-3500 m, like Ciardoney one, may completely disappear before 2020-2030, in consequence of ice thickness losses of about 1-2 m / year.

Sensibilité du milieu à des paramètres climatiques
Informations complémentaires (données utilisées, méthode, scénarios, etc.)

 

(3) - Effets du changement climatique sur l'aléa
Reconstitutions
 
Observations
 
Modélisations
 
Conjectures
 

Paramètres de l'aléa
Sensibilité du paramètre de l'aléa à des paramètres climatiques et du milieu
Informations complémentaires (données utilisées, méthode, scénarios, etc.)
 
 

(4) - Remarques générales
 

(5) - Préconisations et recomandations
 

For more information:

www.nimbus.it/ghiacciai/2006/060915ciardoney.htm : Ciardoney glacier evolution in 2005-06 season